Indicators of Abuse

• Repeated injuries or bruises that are difficult to explain as accidents.

• Visits to health care facilities for vague complaints or acute anxiety with no reported injuries. Psychiatric hospitalizations for anxiety or depression.

• Strokes in young women, which are often caused by blows to the head or damage to the neck arteries due to strangulation.

• Isolation of the woman. No access to money, to a car or other means of transportation, to family and/or friends, or to a job and/or school.

• Frequent references to a partner’s anger or “temper”.

• Fears of being harmed or harming the partner.

• Terror or reluctance on the part of the woman to speak to those in authority because of fear of reprisals from the abuser.

• Protecting the assailant from those in authority.

• Frequent fleeing from her home.

• Suicide attempts or homicidal assaults.

• The abuser’s bullying or verbally abusive public behavior.

• The abuser’s abducting or threatening to abduct the children.

• The abuser’s jealous accusations that the women is sexually unfaithful.

• The abuser’s sexual or physical abuse of the children.

• The abuser’s attempts or threats to institutionalize the woman and convince others she is insane.

• Public docility and respectability and private aggression by the abuser.